Pen Academic Publishing   |  ISSN: 2602-4810   |  e-ISSN: 2602-4535

Volume 4 Issue 1 (March 2020)

Issue Information

Issue Information

pp. i - vi   |  DOI: 10.29329/ijiasr.2020.237

Abstract

Keywords:

Original articles

Invitro a-amylase Inhibitory Activity and Antioxidant Profile of Carica Papaya Seed Protein Hydrolysate

Jalil Idi James, Abubakar Aisami, Muhammad Salisu Maijama, Boyi Dorcas Adams & Sandra George Zira

pp. 1 - 14   |  DOI: 10.29329/ijiasr.2020.237.1

Abstract

Carica papaya, a plant belonging to the Caricaceae family produces pawpaw fruit; a very useful plant commonly found in most of the tropical African countries, with Nigeria being the third largest producer worldwide. Protein hydrolysates from Pawpaw (Carica papaya) seeds were examined for in-vitro α-amylase inhibitory and antioxidant activities. Pawpaw seeds proteins were isolated and subsequently hydrolyzed by trypsin and pepsin. The degree of breakdown by trypsin (40.97 ± 0.18%) was more (p < 0.05) than pepsin (33.60 ± 0.23%). The peptide yield of tryptic hydrolysis (7.35 ± 0.17%) was significantly higher than that of peptic hydrolysis (5.13 ± 0.04%). All the hydrolysates, including the standards, show α-amylase inhibitory activities and antioxidant activities in a concentration-increasing manner. Trypsin hydrolysate showed the highest α-amylase inhibition (63.64 ± 1.55%). 50% effective concentration (EC50) for Pepsin hydrolysate (0.61 ± 0.02 mg/ml) was lower than trypsin hydrolysate (0.66 ± 0.01 mg/ml). The trypsin hydrolysate displayed the higher ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) and H2O2-Scavenging activities (5.8mg/ml and 22.54 ± 0.12% respectively) while pepsin hydrolysate showed the best DPPH-scavenging activity (75.99%). The results, therefore, suggest that C. papaya seeds protein hydrolysates may serve as a food source with curative properties like antioxidant capacity and inhibitory effect against α-amylase

Keywords: Carica Papaya, hydrolysate, antioxidant, α-amylase, inhibitory-activity

Automated Data Collection of Drosophila Movement Behaviour Assays Using computer Vision in Python

Shad Arif Mohammed, Hawnaz Othman Najmalddin, Zhulia Jamal Omar & Zana Hamagharib Yarwais

pp. 15 - 22   |  DOI: 10.29329/ijiasr.2020.237.2

Abstract

Drosophila melanogaster, commonly known as the fruit fly, is the ideal model organism to study behavioural genetics. It has been extensively used in studying many diseases. Many of those studies still use manual methods to assess the fly’s behaviour under different conditions. In this article, we developed a method to track Drosophila melanogaster (both adults and larvae), and automate the process of data collection in larval crawling assay, and adult amputation assay.

Keywords: Drosophila melanogaster, automating bahavioural assays, Computer vision