International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Science Research
Abbreviation: IJIASR | ISSN (Print): 2602-4810 | ISSN (Online): 2602-4535 | DOI: 10.29329/ijiasr

Review article | International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Science Research 2021, Vol. 5(1) 14-28

Vegetable and Fruit Waste Production Related to Consumption in Turkey and Certain Middle East Countries

Seyhun Yurdugül & Hawnaz Othman Najmalddin

pp. 14 - 28   |  DOI: https://doi.org/10.29329/ijiasr.2021.338.2

Published online: March 30, 2021  |   Number of Views: 10  |  Number of Download: 69


Abstract

Vegetable and fruit wastes (VFW) comprise a large portion of wastes that contribute to pollution in different ways. This is because there is a large demand for such perishable products by all countries. The Turkish economy was mostly depending on agriculture before 40 years ago but due to globalization this has been changed into industrialization. Even though the industrialization dominates, the consumption of fruits and vegetables has been in an increasing trend in Turkey and its environs. The usage of such resources can be regulated by governments and organizations to avoid overusing them. Also, there are many ways for treating such inevitable wastes. To mention a few, extracting pigment, antioxidants, pesticides, producing single-celled proteins, enzymes, biofertilizers, green energy, and many others from the wastes can be done.

Keywords: Agro-Industrial Wastes, Pollution, Global Food Demand


How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Yurdugul, S. & Najmalddin, H.O. (2021). Vegetable and Fruit Waste Production Related to Consumption in Turkey and Certain Middle East Countries . International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Science Research, 5(1), 14-28. doi: 10.29329/ijiasr.2021.338.2

Harvard
Yurdugul, S. and Najmalddin, H. (2021). Vegetable and Fruit Waste Production Related to Consumption in Turkey and Certain Middle East Countries . International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Science Research, 5(1), pp. 14-28.

Chicago 16th edition
Yurdugul, Seyhun and Hawnaz Othman Najmalddin (2021). "Vegetable and Fruit Waste Production Related to Consumption in Turkey and Certain Middle East Countries ". International Journal of Innovative Approaches in Science Research 5 (1):14-28. doi:10.29329/ijiasr.2021.338.2.

References
  1. Arvanitoyannis, I. S., & Varzakas, T. H. (2002). Management : Treatment Methods Treated Waste. In Waste Management for the Food Industries. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-373654-3.50014-6 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  2. Arancon, NQ; Edwards, CA; Bierman, P; Metzger, JD; Lucht, C. (2005). Effects of vermicomposts produced from cattle manure, food waste and paper waste on the growth and yield of peppers in the field, PEDOBIOLOGIA, 49, 297-306. [Google Scholar]
  3. Arancon, NQ; Edwards, CA; Lee, S; Byrne, R  (2006) Effects of humic acids from vermicomposts on plant growth, European Journal of Soil Biology 42, S65-S69. [Google Scholar]
  4. Author, B., & Marty, E. (2012). Chapter Title : HOW TO : Turn Your Waste into Black Gold Book Title : Breaking Through Concrete Book Subtitle : Building an Urban Farm Revival. [Google Scholar]
  5. Bello, B., Mustafa, S., Tan, J. S., Ibrahim, T. A. T., Tam, Y. J., Ariff, A. B., Manap, M. Y., & Abbasiliasi, S. (2018). Evaluation of the effect of soluble polysaccharides of palm kernel cake as a potential prebiotic on the growth of probiotics. 3 Biotech, 8(8), 1–14. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13205-018-1362-4 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  6. Bhattacharjee, R. and Dey, U. 2014. Biofertilizer, a way towards organic agriculture: A review Vol. 8(24), pp. 2332-2342. [Google Scholar]
  7. Chantaro, P., Devahastin, S., & Chiewchan, N. (2008). Production of antioxidant high dietary fiber powder from carrot peels. LWT - Food Science and Technology, 41(10), 1987–1994. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lwt.2007.11.013 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  8. Ciriacy, M. (1975). Genetics of alcohol dehydrogenase in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. I. Isolation and genetic analysis of adh mutants. Mutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis, 29(3), 315–325. https://doi.org/10.1016/0027-5107(75)90053-6 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  9. Demirbas, A., Bafail, A., Ahmad, W., & Sheikh, M. (2016). Biodiesel production from non-edible plant oils. Energy Exploration and Exploitation, 34(2), 290–318. https://doi.org/10.1177/0144598716630166 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  10. Edwiges, T., Frare, L., Mayer, B., Lins, L., Mi Triolo, J., Flotats, X., & de Mendonça Costa, M. S. S. (2018). Influence of chemical composition on biochemical methane potential of fruit and vegetable waste. Waste Management, 71, 618–625. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2017.05.030 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  11. El Bilali, H. and Ben Hassen,T. (2020) Food Waste in the Countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council: A Systematic Review, Foods, 9, 463. [Google Scholar]
  12. F. Whayne, T., P. Saha, S., & Mukherjee, D. (2016). Antioxidants in the Practice of Medicine; What Should the Clinician Know? Cardiovascular & Hematological Disorders-Drug Targets, 16(1), 13–20. https://doi.org/10.2174/1871529x16666160614015533 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  13. Federation, W. E. (2018). Fruit , Vegetable , and Grain Processing Wastes Author ( s ): J . L . Graham and M . R . Soderquist Source : Journal ( Water Pollution Control Federation ), Vol . 48 , No . 6 , 1976 : Literature Published by : Water Environment Federation Stable URL : htt. 48(6), 1223–1229. [Google Scholar]
  14. Goula, A. M., Ververi, M., Adamopoulou, A., & Kaderides, K. (2017). Green ultrasound-assisted extraction of carotenoids from pomegranate wastes using vegetable oils. Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, 34, 821–830. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ultsonch.2016.07.022 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  15. Gómez,B;  Gullón,B;  Remoroza ,C;  H. A.; Parajó J.C. , and  Alonso,  J.L.Purification, Characterization, and Prebiotic Properties of Pectic Oligosaccharides from Orange Peel Wastes, J. Agric. Food Chem. 2014, 62, 40, 9769–9782 [Google Scholar]
  16. Gowe, C. (2015). Review on Potential Use of Fruit and Vegetables By-Products as A Valuable Source of Natural Food Additives Some of the authors of this publication are also working on these related projects: review on fruit and vegetables View project Review on Potential . 45(December), 47–61. www.iiste.org [Google Scholar]
  17. Gupta, N., Poddar, K., Sarkar, D., Kumari, N., Padhan, B., & Sarkar, A. (2019). Fruit waste management by pigment production and utilization of residual as bioadsorbent. Journal of Environmental Management, 244(May), 138–143. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2019.05.055 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  18. Hou, SW; Zhang, Y; Li, MH; Liu, HM  ; Wu, FY; Hu, JL  ; Lin, XG.  2020. Concomitant biocontrol of pepper Phytophthora blight by soil indigenous arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi via upfront film-mulching with reductive fertilizer and tobacco waste, JOURNAL OF SOILS AND SEDIMENTS, 20, 452-460. [Google Scholar]
  19. Márquez, M. A., Diánez, F., & Camacho, F. (2011). The use of vegetable subproducts from greenhouses (VSG) for animal feed in the Poniente region of Almería. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems, 26(1), 4–12. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1742170510000013 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  20. Mohd Nor, N. ’Ain N., Abbasiliasi, S., Marikkar, M. N., Ariff, A., Amid, M., Lamasudin, D. U., Abdul Manap, M. Y., & Mustafa, S. (2017). Defatted coconut residue crude polysaccharides as potential prebiotics: study of their effects on proliferation and acidifying activity of probiotics in vitro. Journal of Food Science and Technology, 54(1), 164–173. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13197-016-2448-9 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  21. Morrell, R. A., & Schmidt, H. E. (2020). wastes grain processing Fruit , vegetable , and. 56(6), 631–633. [Google Scholar]
  22. Panda, S. K., Sahu, U. C., Behera, S. K., & Ray, R. C. (2014). Bio-processing of bael [Aegle marmelos L.] fruits into wine with antioxidants. Food Bioscience, 5, 34–41. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fbio.2013.10.005 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  23. Panda, Sandeep K., Ray, R. C., Mishra, S. S., & Kayitesi, E. (2018). Microbial processing of fruit and vegetable wastes into potential biocommodities: a review. Critical Reviews in Biotechnology, 38(1), 1–16. https://doi.org/10.1080/07388551.2017.1311295 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  24. Plazzotta, S., Ibarz, R., Manzocco, L., & Martín-Belloso, O. (2020). Optimizing the antioxidant biocompound recovery from peach waste extraction assisted by ultrasounds or microwaves. Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, 63, 104954. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ultsonch.2019.104954 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  25. Prommajak, T., Leksawasdi, N., & Rattanapanone, N. (2014). Biotechnological valorization of cashew apple: A review. Chiang Mai University Journal of Natural Sciences, 13(2), 159–182. https://doi.org/10.12982/CMUJNS.2014.0029 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  26. Sah, B.N.P., Vasiljevic T., McKechnie  S., Donkor O.N.  2016. Effect of pineapple waste powder on probiotic growth, antioxidant and antimutagenic activities of yogurt.  J Food Sci Technol 53:1698-1708. [Google Scholar]
  27. Satapa, N.A. B A.(2013) Optimization of Yellow Pigment Production by Monascus Purpureus from Banana Peel Nur Ashidah Bt Abdul Satapa, Master of Science Thesis, Universiti Malaysia Pahang. [Google Scholar]
  28. Selim, M. H., Elshafei, A. M., & El-Diwany, A. I. (1991). Production of single cell protein from yeast strains grown in Egyptian vinasse. Bioresource Technology, 36(2), 157–160. https://doi.org/10.1016/0960-8524(91)90173-H [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  29. Sürek, E. Prebiotic Oligosaccharide Production from Hazelnut Wastes, Ph.D. Thesis, Izmir Institute of Technology, Izmir, Turkey 2017. [Google Scholar]
  30. Singh, A., Kuila, A., Adak, S., Bishai, M., & Banerjee, R. (2012). Utilization of Vegetable Wastes for Bioenergy Generation. Agricultural Research, 1(3), 213–222. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40003-012-0030-x [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  31. Strategies, G. E. (2011). Ill 3R technologies for organic waste management in developing Asian countries. [Google Scholar]
  32. Voragen, A. G. J., Coenen, G. J., Verhoef, R. P., & Schols, H. A. (2009). Pectin, a versatile polysaccharide present in plant cell walls. Structural Chemistry, 20(2), 263–275. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11224-009-9442-z [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  33. Wessels, B., Damm, S., Kunz, B., & Schulze-Kaysers, N. (2014). Effect of selected plant extracts on the inhibition of enzymatic browning in fresh-cut apple. Journal of Applied Botany and Food Quality, 87, 16–23. https://doi.org/10.5073/JABFQ.2014.087.003 [Google Scholar] [Crossref] 
  34. Zouari, I  ; Masmoudi, F  ; Medhioub, K  ; Tounsi, S  ; Trigui, M   2020. Biocontrol and plant growth-promoting potentiality of bacteria isolated from compost extract. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek International Journal of General and Molecular Microbiology, 113, 2107-2122 [Google Scholar]
  35. URL 1: https://ourworldindata.org/ (Cited 01.05.2020) [Google Scholar]
  36. URL 2: https://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/turkish-fruit-juice-exporters-set-target-at-300-million-149589 (Cited 08.12.2020) [Google Scholar]
  37. URL 3: https://sbb.gov.tr/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/Reducing_Food_Waste_in_the_OIC_Countries%E2%80%8B.pdf (Cited 28.12.2020) [Google Scholar]